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Title of Journal: Clin Orthop Relat Res

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Abbravation: Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®

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Springer-Verlag

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DOI

10.1016/0043-1354(76)90048-8

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ISSN

1528-1132

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Sterility of the Personal Protection System in Total Joint Arthroplasty

Authors: Kenneth A. Kearns, Dan Witmer, Junaid Makda, Javad Parvizi, Donald Jungkind,

Publish Date: 2011/06/14
Volume: 469, Issue:11, Pages: 3065-
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Abstract

We prospectively evaluated PPS contamination in 61 primary THAs and 41 TKAs. The PPS were assumed to be sterile before opening the packs. The initial culture was taken immediately after the hood was placed over the helmet. Four cultures were collected at the conclusion of the procedure. Plates were examined and colonies were classified according to Gram stain results and biochemical tests. S. aureus was classified as methicillin-resistant or -susceptible.At time zero, 22 of 102 cultures isolated an organism, accounting for a contamination rate of 22%. The bacterial contamination rate of the PPS at the conclusion of the procedure was 47% (48 of 102). The relative percentage of the various organisms found was coagulase-negative staphylococci 50%, Micrococcus sp. 20%, methicillin-susceptible S. aureus 11%, and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) 1%.The external surface of the PPS cannot be assumed to be sterile after its removal from the original packaging. Of all the PPS studied, the potential pathogens coagulase-negative staphylococcus, S. aureus, and MRSA were found in 43%. This study supports the need to change gloves if the PPS is touched or adjusted during the procedure.


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Other Papers In This Journal:

  1. Sterility of the Personal Protection System in Total Joint Arthroplasty
  2. Plain Radiographs Underestimate the Asymmetry of the Posterior Condylar Offset of the Knee Compared With MRI
  3. Functional Restoration of Critically Sized Segmental Defects With Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2 and Heparin Treatment
  4. Intraoperative Radiographs for Placing Acetabular Components in Hip Resurfacing Arthroplasty
  5. The Minimum Clinically Important Difference of the Patient-rated Wrist Evaluation Score for Patients With Distal Radius Fractures
  6. Survival in Mesenchymal Chondrosarcoma Varies Based on Age and Tumor Location: A Survival Analysis of the SEER Database
  7. What is the Survivorship of Fully Coated Femoral Components in Revision Hip Arthroplasty?
  8. How Does TKA Kinematics Vary With Transverse Plane Alignment Changes in a Contemporary Implant?
  9. Elderly Patients Have Similar Outcomes Compared to Younger Patients After Minimally Invasive Surgery for Spinal Stenosis
  10. The Usefulness of VEPTR in the Older Child With Complex Spine and Chest Deformity
  11. Is ORIF Superior to Nonoperative Treatment in Isolated Displaced Partial Articular Fractures of the Radial Head?
  12. Has the Level of Evidence of Podium Presentations at the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Annual Meeting Changed Over Time?
  13. Do Oxidized Zirconium Femoral Heads Reduce Polyethylene Wear in Cemented THAs? A Blinded Randomized Clinical Trial
  14. Femoral Resurfacing in Young Patients with Hematologic Cancer and Osteonecrosis
  15. Strength of Antimicrobial Bone Cement Decreases with Increased Poragen Fraction
  16. Nonoperative Treatment of an Os Peroneum Fracture in a High-level Athlete: A Case Report
  17. Do Jumbo Cups Cause Hip Center Elevation in Revision THA? A Computer Simulation

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