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Title of Journal: Indian J Gastroenterol

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Springer India

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Gastrointestinal complications in renal transplant recipients detected by endoscopic biopsies in a developing country

Authors: Muhammed Ishaque, Rahma Rashid, Muhammed Mubarak,

Publish Date: 2015/03/12
Volume: 34, Issue:1, Pages: 51-57
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This retrospective survey was carried out at Histopathology Department of Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, from December 2010 to January 2011. All consecutive renal transplant patients of all ages and both genders on regular follow up, presenting with GI complaints and in whom GI endoscopic biopsies were performed, were included. The demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were retrieved from case files and the pathological diagnoses from the original biopsy reports.A total of 200 consecutive renal transplant patients were enrolled. The biopsies comprised of 19 (9.5 %) esophageal biopsies, 119 (59.5 %) gastric biopsies, 148 (74 %) duodenal biopsies, and 66 (33 %) colorectal biopsies. The main pathological lesions included cytomegalovirus infection in 22 (11 %) of all patients, Helicobacter pylori in 11 (9.2 %) of gastric biopsies, cryptosporidium in 4 (1.6 %), giardiasis in 30 (15 %), immunoproliferative small intestinal disease in 5 (3.4 %), tropical sprue in 33 (15 %), tuberculosis in 3 (2 %) of the small intestinal biopsies, and gastric adenocarcinoma in 1 (1.7 %) gastric biopsy.A wide spectrum of pathological lesions including opportunistic infections was seen in GI endoscopic biopsies in renal transplant patients. Endoscopic biopsies play an important role in the diagnosis and management of GI disease in renal transplant patients.



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